The initial bid allocation for each region in the collegiate competitive division at US Quidditch Cup 13 is now available.
In total, 94 collegiate teams were registered by 11:59pm ET on September 30, 2019. Of those, 89 teams were fully registered with 7 players by the October 1 deadline and thus eligible to count towards the bid allocation.
As announced in August, club teams no longer need to compete at a regional championship, and therefore no bid allocation is necessary in that division.
The competitive collegiate division at US Quidditch Cup 13 will include 48 teams. Forty (40) teams will earn a bid through the regional championships, and eight (8) teams will earn a bid through the at large bid process. Teams will qualify through either one of the seven regional championships or the at large bid process. US Quidditch Cup 13 will take place on April 18th and 19th, 2020 in Charleston, West Virginia.
As per the regional transfer policy, teams may be approved to transfer to a different regional championship, and count for that region in the bid allocation process, under certain circumstances. There have been four approved regional transfers for the 2019-20 season. The transfers were approved before the bid allocation was conducted.
Carnegie Mellon Quidditch Club has been granted a transfer from the Mid-Atlantic region to compete at the Great Lakes Regional Championship.
Quidditch Club of Pittsburgh has been granted a transfer from the Mid-Atlantic region to compete at the Great Lakes Regional Championship.
Rutgers University Quidditchhas been granted a transfer from the Mid-Atlantic region to compete at the Northeast Regional Championship.
WVU Summit has been granted a transfer from the Mid-Atlantic region to compete at the Great Lakes Regional Championship.
Of the 48 bids in the collegiate competitive division, 40 will be awarded at regional championships. These 40 bids will be distributed to the regions using the Huntington Hill method (see the end of this article for additional information). The remaining 8 bids will be distributed at large. The following number of collegiate team bids will be available at the appropriate regional championship:
Great Lakes: 7 bids (15 fully registered teams)
Mid-Atlantic: 7 bids (15 fully registered teams)
Midwest: 7 bids (15 fully registered teams)
Northeast: 7 bids (17 fully registered teams)
South: 2 bids (5 fully registered teams)
Southwest: 6 bids (13 fully registered teams)
West & Northwest: 4 bids (9 fully registered teams)
The collegiate competitive division will have at large bids. At large bids will be awarded directly to teams based on the USQ standings as of 11:59pm ET on Sunday, March 1, 2020.
In order to be eligible for an at large bid, teams must meet the following requirements:
The team must compete at a regional championship this season.
The team must have not earned a bid at that regional championship.
The team must not have been disqualified from that regional championship in any way.
The team must fill out the at large bid interest form by February 28, 2020 committing to accepting an at large bid if they receive one. This form will be made available in October 2019.
The team must have completed one of the following two expanded season play requirements by 11:59pm ET on Sunday, March 1, 2020. The expanded season play requirements can be met against teams from either division, and, as usual, games at regionals do not count for the expanded season play requirements.
The team must have played 12 games against 6 opponents at 3 events.
The team must have played 8 games against 4 teams at 3 events, including at least one out of region opponent from each of two additional regions which qualified at their own regionals.*
* If a team transfers regions, they will be treated as a team from the region into which they transferred.
As has been the case in previous years, if a team earns a bid at their regional, but declines the bid for any reason, the deferred bid will be offered to the remaining teams in the region in the order of their finish at the regional. A team that was disqualified from their regional will not be eligible to accept a deferred bid.
If no teams in the deferring team’s region accept a bid, it will be treated as an additional at large bid instead of being offered to another region.
If an at large bid is deferred for any reason, it shall be offered to the remaining eligible teams in the order of their ranking in the USQ standings as of March 1, 2020 at 11:59pm ET.
If all eligible teams decline the deferred at-large bid, then it may be offered to ineligible teams in the order of their ranking in the USQ standings as of March 1, 2020 at 11:59pm ET.
US Quidditch 13 will see the introduction of an open division within the collegiate division. Spaces will be available for 16 official teams to compete.
The open division is designed to be an opportunity for additional teams to be able to compete against other teams from across the country. This is not a tournament format, and no champion will be crowned in this division. It will be an opportunity for teams of all levels to be able to participate in the national championship and gain experience against opponents from different regions.
Additional details about the format of the open division as well as the registration process will be released in October 2019.
Again this season, USQ will use the Huntington-Hill method of apportionment in determining bid allocation, which is used by the United States House of Representatives in determining its seats. The Huntington-Hill method ensures that each region is represented at the US Quidditch Cup according to the size of the region.
Of the 48 collegiate competitive division bids, 40 will be awarded at regional championships. These 40 bids will be distributed to the regions using the Huntington Hill method. The remaining 8 bids will be distributed at large.
Using this method, we first determine a standard divisor, found by dividing the number of registered teams by the number of available event bids (40). We then calculate a standard quota for each region, which represents the number of bids each region would receive if the bids were an exact representation of the region’s size. Unfortunately, ¼ of a team cannot receive a bid to represent their region at the event so some rounding must occur, which is why using this mathematical method is necessary.
If a region’s standard quota is less than the geometric mean of the integers between which it is located, a region is allocated the lower of those integers; if the region’s standard quota is greater than the geometric mean of the integers, it is allocated the higher of the integers.
If the total sum of all of those initial quotas adds up to the total number of bids, the initial quotas are used; otherwise, a modified divisor is used in place of the standard divisor so that the modified quotas sum correctly and those modified quotas are then used.
Further reading on the Huntington-Hill method can be found from the Mathematical Association of America.